Month: January 2018

LACE… (What is Lace, its uses, its history?)

Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com or follow at https://www.finderzkeeperz.co.za) LACE Lace is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open web like pattern, made by machine or by hand. Originally linen, silk, gold, or silver threads were used. Now lace is often made with cotton thread, although linen and […]

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WEAVING… (What is Weaving, its uses, its history?)

Weaving pattern cards used by Skye Weavers, Isle of Skye, Scotland Melissa Highton Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com or follow at https://www.finderzkeeperz.co.za) WEAVING History Weaving in ancient Egypt There are some indications that weaving was already known in the Palaeolithic era, as early as 27,000 years ago. An indistinct textile impression has […]

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RAYON… (What is Rayon, its uses?)

Rayon / Photo Credit: Aliexpress Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com or follow at https://www.finderzkeeperz.co.za) RAYON Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber. The many types and grades of rayon can imitate the feel and texture of natural fibers such as silk, wool, cotton, and linen. The types that resemble silk […]

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FELT… (What is Felt, its uses?)

Felt / Photo Credit: Sweet Emma Jeans Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com or follow at https://www.finderzkeeperz.co.za) FELT Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together. Felt can be made of natural fibers such as wool or animal fur, or from synthetic fibers such as petroleum-based […]

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TWEED… (What is Tweed, its uses?)

Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) TWEED Tweed originated in Scotland in the 18th century and is traditionally a coarse cloth woven from pure virgin wool, usually in earthy colours. Scottish weavers wished to make a denser and heavier cloth, and by developing the “twill” (the diagonal line running through the fabric) they […]

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WOOL FABRIC… (What is Wool Fabric, its uses?)

Clipped Wool Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) WOOL FABRIC Wool is a comfortable and versatile fabric, warm in the winter and cool in the summer. In addition, wool fabric is elastic, drapes well, and repels water droplets, however it absorbs water vapour. Nonetheless, wool can absorb up to 30% of its weight […]

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DACRON… (What is Dacron, its uses?)

PET polymer chain Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) DACRON It may be referred to by the brand name Dacron; in Britain, Terylene; or, in Russia and the former Soviet Union, Lavsan. Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic […]

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DENIM… (What is Denim, its uses?)

Denim fabric dyed with indigo Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) DENIM Denim is a durable cotton twill textile, typically used to make jeans, overalls, and other clothing. To create denim fabric, the weft (horizontal threads) passes under two or more warps (vertical threads) threads. This process makes diagonal ribbing of denim that […]

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NYLON… (What is Nylon, its uses?)

Nylon Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) NYLON Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides. Nylon is a thermoplastic silky material that can be melt-processed into fibers, films or shapes. Nylon was the first commercially successful synthetic thermoplastic polymer. DuPont began its research […]

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SILK… (What is Silk, its uses?)

Four of the most important domesticated silk moths. Top to bottom: Bombyx mori, Hyalophora Cecropia, Antheraea Pernyi, Samia Cynthia. From Meyers Konversa Letha Oelz (You can contact Letha at: OelzLetha@gmail.com) SILK Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and […]

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